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Chemical, Biological and Radiological Defence

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Human Factors and Medicine

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CBRN Defence, CBRN threat, Detection, Emerging Technologies, Hazard Management, Identification, Long-term scientific study, Medical Countermeasures, Monitoring, Physical Protection, Prevent, Protect, Recover, Sampling


Major changes in the security policy and the geopolitical and military situation as well as evolving agent and weapon technologies influence the chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) threat and consequently CBRN defence. Nowadays CBRN defence requires closer collaboration between military and civilian sectors. Based on the threat through to 2030, S&T areas supporting CBRN defence need to be identified. Gaps in knowledge will be identified and possible solutions suggested. Since 1961 there have been studies on a regular basis regarding S&T aspects of chemical and biological defence. The most recent update (LTSS SAS-024) was produced during 1999-2003. There is an urgent need to provide the next update. and due to the increasing concern over the threat from radiological materials, this LTSS will focus on chemical, biological and radiological aspects of CBRN defence.


Review S&T Capabilities against the evolving CBR threat, out to 2030. Describe and apply S&T context to NATO’s strategic-level policy of “Prevent, Protect and Recover”. Analyse S&T gaps in current CBR defence capabilities – using the five enabling components (Information Management, Hazard Management, Detection Identification and Monitoring, Protection, Medical Countermeasures) – in order to identify future priority work streams. Provide peer-reviewed recommendations to strategic decision makers, in order to focus S&T resources against the recognized need.


CBR Defence as a System Evolving CBR threat Sampling, Detection, Identification and Monitoring Information Management Physical Protection Hazard Management Medical Countermeasures and Support Education and Training New and Emerging Technologies That Contribute to the Threat

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