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Activity title

3D scanning for clothing fit and logistics

Activity Reference



Human Factors and Medicine

Security Classification



Awaiting Publication

Activity type


Start date


End date



3D scanning, Body scanning, clothing, equipment, Garment fit, Garments


Proper fit of military clothing and equipment is important for the health, safety and operational performance of the NATO soldier. NATO ET-134 showed that secular trends in body dimensions, new operational demands and integration of new devices in the clothing system aggravate the issue of clothing fit. There is a considerable difference between the investigated NATO countries in approach and methodology of clothing fit which lead to difficulties in international co-operation. It is the expectation that the NATO forces will benefit from the new techniques that lead to improved garment fit. Also, interoperability may be enhanced if knowledge is shared regarding methodology to optimize fit within NATO countries.


The objectives of this HFM RTG are to investigate the need and requirements regarding : 1) The identification of research gaps and opportunities in the area of 3D body scanning for clothing fit and logistics; 2) The facilitation of integrated research initiatives in 3D whole body scanning and processing; 3) The facilitation of integrated procedures for clothing deployment to ensure similar fit over NATO countries; 4) A review of novel approaches for 3D scanning and processing.


• identify the optimal configuration (scanning system, scan postures, other parameters, logistics, ) for clothing supply logistics including the link to current NATO and ISO standards; • establish recommendations regarding the ideal step size determination for military clothing and equipment; • make an analysis of the benefits and downsides of the made-to-measure methods for military garments and the optimal combination between size selection and made-to-measure; • identify the importance of layering, training, and body movement for fit; • find possibilities to quantify air gaps in multilayer systems; • describe the currently used 3D scanning systems in NATO countries, processing software and virtual design tools with a short description of functionality, webpage, limitations and opportunities for military use; • provide a short description of military databases in NATO acquired in the last 10 years, identify the gaps (which military NATO population is not covered), provide links to civilian databases, summarize database cleaning procedures and database processing (e.g. principal component analysis), and identify the use for stock control, procurement and design; • discuss standardization or interchangeability of data formats (dxf, obj, ply, stl, nurbs, iges, step) and identify the gaps; • discuss the procedure to convert 3D scanning data to specifications of fitting products.

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