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Activity title

Operationalization of Standardized C2-Simulation Interoperability

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NATO Modelling and Simulation Group

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Architecture Framework, C2SIM, C2-Simulation Interoperability, C-BML, Information Model, MIM, MIP, MSDL, NAF, Standard, Systems Engineering


Force readiness (education and training), execution and support to operations (planning, mission rehearsal, control of autonomous systems) and Defense Acquisition (capabilities development, systems qualification) heavily lean on C2 to Simulation interoperability. To enable information exchange in a timely, efficient and cost-effective manner in turn requires a standardized representation and interfaces that allow C2 and simulation systems (C2SIM) to interoperate. The C2SIM standard is being developed for this purpose Standardizing the exchange of digitized military information for C2SIM interoperation will lead to realising a number of benefits that include: - Enhanced realism and overall effectiveness by faster, more consistent information exchange among systems. - Decreased cost and risk by reducing manual input (the swivel chair effect), reduced number of supporting personnel and equipment. - Reduced preparation and response time with rapid configuration, initialization of systems and validation of scenario.


The high-level technical objectives of MSG-145 are as follows. - Exploit C2SIM with use cases developed through an operational, conceptual and executable scenario development process. - Enrich the C2SIM Logical Data Model Core (logical definitions of initialization, tasking, and reporting business elements). - Inform the standards development process and motivate suppliers to develop products by demonstrating C2SIM in operational military context. - Educate the community of practice on C2SIM technology employment and encourage nations to use the standard. - Make recommendations for ”covering” the C2SIM standard with a STANAG.


1. Outreach to military stakeholders. 2. Use case extensions (e.g. acquisition) and associated information exchange. 3. Development process, products and tools for implementation. 4. NATO Architecture Framework (NAF) and other methods to describe scenarios and interoperability requirements. 5. Automation of M&S initialization. 6. Experimentation and validation of the standard. 7. Services to enable persistent C2SIM interoperability (e.g; C2SIM as a service on mission networks). 8. STANAG development. 9. Progress demonstrations and workshops. 10. Tutorials.

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