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Unmanned Air Vehicles: Technological Challenges, Concepts of Operations and Regulatory Issues

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Applied Vehicle Technology

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Awaiting Publication

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Certification, Defense Applications, Regulations, UAS, UGS


Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) are rapidly becoming an important tool in the NATO military arsenal. In the past twenty-five years, since the first reported use of a drone in a war theatre during the Gulf War in 1991, UAS have been increasingly applied by the military to perform long endurance and high altitude operations. Currently, over eighty countries have, in some form or shape, a UAS program, and a few operate armed systems. However, the broad range in weight and size, unconventional configurations, manufacturing techniques, missions requirements, launch and recovery methods, and a multitude of applications have resulted in a wide and varied range in classifications and airworthiness challenges.


The objectives of the Lecture Series are: i) to provide an overview on the design of Unmanned Air Vehicles including multidisciplinary aspects such as aerodynamics, propulsion, composite airframes and flight control systems; (ii) to assess the technological challenges for the widespread adoption of UAV into existing air space; and (iii) to understand the human-system interface; and (iv) to identify regulatory issues related to integration and operation in existing airspace.


• UAS Basic Principles, Types and Roles, Components & Systems, Concepts of Operations • Payload and Sensors • Assessment on unmanned air/maritime/ground systems – today and tomorrow • Airspace Regulations • Unified Vision: From doctrine to capabilities • Interoperability across unmanned systems domains (air, space, maritime and ground) • Autonomy and Sense-and-Avoid Technology, Multi Vehicles Cooperative Flight • Beyond Visual Line of Sight (BVLOS) UAS operations. • Status and projection of multi-mission capabilities for USV and UUV systems • Technology and policy implications to UAS autonomy • Research and development: Strategic priorities and initiatives • UAS Training: Manpower limitations to operations

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