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Activity title

Incremental Implementation of NATO Mission Training through Distributed Simulation Operations

Activity Reference



NATO Modelling and Simulation Group

Security Classification



Awaiting Publication

Activity type


Start date


End date



Analysis, Distributed simulation, Interoperability, Mission Training, Planning, Simulation, Tactical support


NATO AWACS and nations have a common need for training of air combined and joint collective tactical training, referred to in NATO as Mission Training through Distributed Simulation (MTDS). Several NATO and national activities have been conducted in this area and some nations have implementation programs. NATO activities include the study SAS-013 on MTDS (2000), training demonstration exercise First WAVE (SAS-034/MSG-001, 2004), the NATO SMART (2007) and NATO Live, Virtual Constructive (2010) projects, and, most recently the NIAG Study Group 162 on distributed simulation for air combined and joint mission training. National implementation programs include CAF DMO (US) and DOTC(A) (UK). Other relevant achievements are the establishment of a services framework for Distributed Networked Battle Laboratories (DNBL) and the NATO Modelling and Simulation Standards Profile (AMSP-01). With these activities and programs, MTDS has achieved a level of maturity that makes it feasible for NATO to implement a persistent capability to support operational readiness. As a strong air warfare capability is one of the pillars of NATO defence, but as training of aircrew is a national responsibility, implementation of MTDS operations has to be a combined effort of NATO and the nations. This activity is proposed as a collaborative effort of NATO AWACS and the nations to initially implement MTDS operations under the umbrella of JCG C2 and the NATO Modelling and Simulation Group.


- Based on the work of previous NATO and (multi-)national studies and projects, establish essential elements for a NATO MTDS environment, including: Concept, Standards and agreements, Legal and security framework, Services infrastructure, Standing operating procedures - Validate these elements through initial operational test and evaluation - Support a NATO Smart defence project on NATO MTDS


- Missions (Operational requirements, Participating units, Training objectives, Scenarios) - Assets (Simulations, Coordination and control facilities, Networks) - Organisation (Legal framework, Funding, Responsibilities) - Interfacing (Network, Protocol, Federation object model - Integration (Event control, Security, Conformance testing, Data Sharing) - Performance (Technical performance, Synthetic natural environment, Threat representation and CGFs, Common models, Visualisation)

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