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Activity title

Linking Strategic Investments & Divestments to Defence Outcomes

Activity Reference



System Analysis and Studies

Security Classification




Activity type


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Defence outcomes, Inputoutput models


Sound and affordable defence capability development over time requires characterisation of costs, benefits and risks associated with candidate strategic investments that enables trade-off decisions required to identify an affordable combination of future investments acceptable to central agencies and the government of the day that will result in the capital assets most needed to deter or defeat future national and alliance threats over time.


SAS-134 is surveying the literature and practice of NATO nations to capture the current state of the art of defence investment prioritization and planning and seeking to advance that state through shared experience of successes and challenges. We will provide guidance for employing best investment planning practice to strategic investment planning decisions.


-Essential: National successes and challenges tracking defence value-for-money; practices that mask the creation of value; attributes of analytical frameworks suitable for capture of value; identifying and characterising the valued outcomes and outputs of defence investment; early insight generation for buy-in management; and tracking and measuring other-than-valued outcomes and outputs -Optional: types of value and the terms on which it can be measured; where generated value resides; structures for capturing value creation; tracking value between activities; modelling value perishability; defining and handling value streams; meaningful methods of value aggregation; the role of performance measurement in quantifying value; business planning requirements for value creation tracking.

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