RSS feed LinkedIn Watch us on Youtube

Activity title

Symposium: Integration of Women into Ground Combat Units

Activity Reference



System Analysis and Studies

Security Classification



Awaiting Publication

Activity type


Start date


End date



Gender Integration, Inclusion, Measurement and Cohesion, Psychological, Social and Cultural Influences, Women in combat


Women participate in ground close combat units in many NATO countries, and there is increasing interest among other NATO/PfP countries to expand the roles open to women. The US and the UK, for example, have recently lifted restrictions to the participation of women in close ground combat units, and are actively engaged in early integration processes.


The objectives of this activity are to share research and best practices regarding: • The influence of social, cultural, and psychological factors of gender integration in ground close combat units and their impact on combat effectiveness. • Effective processes and strategies for the integration of women in ground close combat units, including, for example, training, leadership, and accommodation strategies. • Appropriate methodologies for monitoring, measurement and assessment of integration, including measurement of cohesion and inclusion. • Career and cohort management of women and men in combat roles. Papers are solicited that draw from historical perspectives, leadership experience, and research insights regarding successful integration as well as research and best practices that support strategies for longer term monitoring of recruitment, representation and retention of women in ground close combat units. Papers and presentations will also be solicited to increase understanding of differences and similarities in experience and strategies for inclusion and career management of women in enlisted and officer positions; the impact of voluntary versus involuntary assignments; and active duty versus reservist.


Topics which will be considered include: • Cultural, behavioural and attitude change • Leadership • Measurement of operational and combat effectiveness • Group dynamics, conformity & cohesion • Practical integration (accommodation, support and welfare networks) • Critical mass • Barriers to inclusion, including harassment & bullying • Career paths • Early cohort management • Motivation, recruitment and retention • Long term monitoring of integration (processes, impacts, cultural change) • Mental resilience

Contact Panel Office