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Activity title

Incremental Implementation of Mission Training through Distributed Simulation for Joint and Combined Air Operations

Activity Reference



NATO Modelling and Simulation Group

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Distributed Simulation, Exercise Management, Interoperability, LVC, Mission Training, MSG, MSG165, Security, Tactical Data Links


In October 2013 the NATO task group MSG-128 ‘Incremental Implementation of NATO MTDS operations’ was stood up with the objective to establish essential elements for a permanent NATO MTDS capability and validate these elements through initial multinational exercises (NAEW, CAN, DEU, FRA, NLD, NOR) with AWACS and small Air-to-Air missions using legacy simulators, and growing in scenario complexity, including C2 and Ground targets. In October 2016, NAFAG defined the need for a study as a result of the MSG-128 and requested a NIAG study (SG-215) on Future Combined / Joint Distributed Tactical Training through Simulation for Joint and Combined Tasks and Operations in order to provide a roadmap for how technological innovations can improve NATO and national Distributed Tactical Training through Simulation while leveraging existing simulation technologies. In particular, NATO aims to provide mission rehearsal and operational assessment of air and C2 systems in all core airpower roles and types of air operations for aircrews, controllers and CAOC/JFAC staff. This should include Maritime Air components, Land Air components and JISR components (AGS, UAV, etc.). The MSG-128 and the NIAG SG-215 recommend pursuing simultaneous effort; 1) on R&T to extend the initial MTDS capability, and 2) on NATO/Multinational operational exercises and training events to validate MTDS capability.


- Based on the work of previous NATO and (multi-)national studies (MSG-128 & NIAG SG-215) and projects extend NATO MTDS essential elements to include Maritime, Land, JISR simulations. - Refine MTDS Reference Architecture and interoperability solutions based on recommendations from NIAG SG-215 - Develop concept for interfaces for integration of Live assets in MTDS and validate. - Develop a common approach to multi-level security in MTDS based on NIAG SG-215 recommendations - Recommend MTDS Exercise Management set of tools, based on available COTS and GOTS products and C2. - Validate these elements through initial operational tests and evaluation in a classified network or when possible in non-classified network. - Participate in NATO/Multinational operational exercises and training events. - Organize specific exercise when required


- Reference Architecture, processes, interfaces, and information exchange interoperability o Technical building blocks o Data Exchange Models o Engineering process - Communication and Tactical Data Links o L11/L16/L22, SATCOMM, AGS, LOS/BLOS COMMS, DCAS COMMS, ACCS/JFAC o Voice communications o Simulation environment agreements and data exchange models for tactical datalinks - Standards for LVC (Live, Virtual and Constructive) training o Interfaces to Live systems (C2, Aircraft, instrumented systems) o Best practice for coherent representation of environment among all LVC elements of a MTDS exercise. - Recommendations for MTDS Exercise Management tools - Security for various levels of classification (same level / multi-level) - Tests & experiments

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