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Evaluation of Swarm Systems for Military Application

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Systems Concepts and Integration

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architecture, autonomous operations, autonomous systems, command control, communications, countermeasures, disruptive technologies, future, joint forces, missions, paradigm change, swarm, unmanned systems


Swarms are increasingly considered as the future way of warfare and a major disruptive technology that will change the way wars are carried. The U.S. Air Force has already tested the Perdix swarm of aerial micro-drones launched from F/A-18D Hornet fighters as technology demonstrators. Other ground- or ship-launched swarm drones was the LOCUST (Low-Cost UAV Swarming Technology) system. Swarm systems can either operate autonomously as a decentralized system, or as a centralized man-controlled semiautonomous system, situation that can be evaluated differently. Current activities carried by STO are carried towards the evaluation of future countermeasures for swarms of flying drones (SCI-301 and previous related RTGS).


The objective of the ET is to create a taxonomy of swarm system architectures (size, type, number, covered area, on-board equipment, level of autonomy) for various mission scenarios (ConOps). The study will evaluate how integration with current weapons can be made and what future standards are needed. Control and use of swarms implies testing and own countermeasure protection systems that will be evaluated. Scenarios will be designed and evaluate.


1. Swarm systems ConOps a. Air, Ground, and Water b. Urban and unstructured 2. Swarm systems architectures a. Homogeneous and heterogeneous b. Air, Ground, and Water c. Distributed or centralized 3. Swarm systems communication networks (MANET/FANET/VANET) and telemetry 4. Swarm systems task allocation 5. Swarm systems standardization 6. Swarm systems protection measures a. Countermeasures b. Safety measures

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