Advance Planning, Concept Development, Defence Planning, Experimentation, Graduated Response Plans, Operational Planning
NATO Command Structure (NCS) is a mediocre user of Modelling and Simulation (M&S) and then almost exclusively for training. Currently, the Joint Warfare Centre (JWC) uses the Joint Theatre Level Simulation (JTLS) and the Joint Force Training Centre (JFTC) uses the Joint Combat and Tactics Simulation (JCATS) for training purposes. However, the simulations are not often used to their full capacity due to the need to achieve training and exercise objectives. Both centres also use VBS 3 for training, as do other scattered NATO commands for training, experimentation, and socialization.
The evolving missions of NATO puts new demands on NATO’s M&S capabilities. Some of the most noteworthy characteristics of this evolution are these:
• Wargaming. Wargames are analytic games that simulate aspects of warfare at the tactical, operational, or strategic level. They are used to examine warfighting concepts, train and educate commanders and analysts, explore scenarios, and assess how force planning and posture choices affect campaign outcomes. In this context, we mean wargames informed by simulation.
• Advance Planning. There is a need to do advance planning for potential situations that may arise.
• Operations in a broader context. It is increasingly common for NATO planners to consider the entire range of Political, Military, Economic, Social, Information, and Infrastructure (PMESII) means for achieving NATO goals.
• Capabilities-based planning. Through the NATO Defence Planning Process, NATO plans for capabilities which it needs in the medium and long-range future. These capabilities are used to tackle emerging issues and need M&S to better understand the complexities and provide insights to planners.
• Concept development and experimentation (CD&E). The application of the structure and methods of experimental science to the challenge of developing future military capability. This process can be informed by M&S.
• Increased networking. The increasing interconnectedness of forces offers many advantages but also presents planning and operational challenges.