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Activity title

Signature Management

Activity Reference



Systems Concepts and Integration

Security Classification



Awaiting Publication

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Camouflage, Concealment, Deception, Evaluation, Intelligence, ISTAR, Obscuration, Reconnaissance, Signature management, Surveillance, Survivability, Target Acquisition


NATO Forces are facing an ever more sophisticated spectrum of threat ISTAR sensors. Since long, camouflage, concealment and deception (CC&D) were shown to be a cost-effective means for reducing the threat posed by such systems. The rapid increase in capabilities of surveillance and weapons sensor systems, caused – amongst others – by the exploitation of novel radiation detection principles, makes it increasingly difficult to guarantee the level of concealment which will disallow the enemy detection of own troops and their assets. Therefore it is necessary to hide own equipment permanently. Also, it is necessary to understand that the probability of hits against our own equipment is inversely related to the quality of concealment and/or deception. Removing or decreasing of differences between object and surroundings radiation can be done also by using deceptive targets. Therefore it is necessary to develop materials which decrease or imitate radiation, especially in the infrared and microwave region. Current research and development is focused especially on the use of concealment and deceptive equipment against high precision weapons and surveillance sensor systems working in infrared and microwave spectrum. The SCI Panel and the nations involved have come up with novel solutions in a number of studies. The Symposium is a platform for presenting latest results and for bringing them to the attention of the military user community. The Symposium also provides an opportunity to identify the state-of-the-art in competition between sensors and counter-sensors developments.


The Symposium is intended to address and emphasize the military potential of modern CC&D technologies when used by NATO forces and, also, by opposing forces. The Symposium provides an opportunity to publicize the capabilities of modern CC&D systems and to demonstrate the state-of-the-art of modern sensors status in face of modern CC&D technologies. Unique focus of this symposium is the discussion of testing and simulation procedures appropriate for assessing the value of CC&D in future NATO operations.


The symposium covers all military CCD technologies against modern sensors, comprising electro-optics/infrared, and radar, which include topics such as: advanced multispectral CCD equipment and systems, CCD equipment for urban operations, adaptive camouflage materials, laboratory and field measurements of CCD equipment, especially: • Surveillance and target acquisition sensors • Advanced multi-spectral CCD solutions for land, air, and/or sea platforms • CC&D solutions for urban environments and for extreme climatic regions (arid, arctic, jungles, …) • Multi-spectral CC&D for the soldier system • Adaptive camouflage materials • CC&D and signature management requirements • CC&D materials laboratory and reduced field testing methods • Full-scale field trials-operational (mission oriented) methods and evaluations of CC&D equipment • Technical and operational aspects of multi-spectral decoys – counter decoys • Technical and operational aspects of smoke and obscurants; • The use of CC&D by opposing forces.

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