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Activity title

Environmentally Compliant Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul for Military Vehicles

Activity Reference

AVT-ET-202

Panel

Applied Vehicle Technology

Security Classification

NATO UNCLASSIFIED

Status

Active

Activity type

ET

Start date

2019

End date

2020

Keywords

Environmental compliance, Manufacture, Materials, Processes, Repair

Background

Environmental legislation is dynamic, continually evolving, prohibiting or restricting the use of an increasing number of chemicals and substances. Whilst defence exemptions are often cited, political pressure means that many nations require policy as good as or better than legislation. Further, where defence becomes the sole user, economics often mean price increases or the withdrawal and obsolescence of materials. Whilst improvements in environmental and human health from legislation are usually clear, it is the duty of those involved in equipment design and operation to address subsequent the degradation of defence capability and ability to interoperate that can follow. AVT-247 began to look at the effect of environmental legislation throughout the life cycle of military equipment largely focused on the restriction of hexavalent chromium under REACH legislation. Fixation on hexavalent chromium however masks the wider issues of materials obsolescence in complex supply chains and the impact of more localized environmental legislation on the ability to deploy Defence assets. To further explore these challenges, the proposed ET will engage Government and Defence companies involved with OEMs (original equipment manufacturers) and MRO (maintenance, repair and overhaul) from across NATO nations with a view to capturing examples of where environmental legislation has had an impact on operations (positive and negative) and lessons learnt as a result. This is with a view in further work to highlight these more widely through a workshop or lecture series sharing best practices among NATO partners.

Objectives

The scientific objective of this ET activity is to identify several environmentally compliant manufacturing and MRO technologies that will be further evaluated in future AVT activities, including chromate-free paints, hard chrome replacement and alternative coating and paint stripping processes.

Topics

• Environmental legislation at global and local levels • Impact and best practice at OEM and MRO • Assessment of environmentally compliant alternatives • Framework to address environmentally related topics to ensure “green defence operations” • NATO Standardization and Interoperability to achieve environmental compliance

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