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Realization and Evaluation of Robotic Multispectral Decoys for Land Equipment

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Systems Concepts and Integration

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Autonomy, Countermeasures, Countersurveillance, Deception, Decoys, Detection, Land Equipment, MultiSpectral, Operational Requirements, Robotics, Tactical Evaluation, Technical Evaluations


The use of decoys as part of a deception plan has been shown to be effective, both throughout the history of warfare and by recent combat modelling. In future warfare NATO will face increasingly sophisticated weapon and surveillance systems. Camouflage, Concealment and physical Deception (CCD) measures are effective means to counter this threat and to provide enhanced survivability. Over the last decade the effectiveness of sensor systems has been rapidly increasing while CCD has undergone comparatively less development. The SCI 011/RSG 01 Task Group assessed and compared existing technologies for the construction of decoys. A field experiment on decoys showed the promising performance of experimental and state of the art decoys. Collaboration between the scientific and the Operational Research (OR) communities is required. A natural evolution of the multispectral sensing concepts outlined above would be to operate in the same spectral regions, but measure many (i.e. hundreds) of narrow (~10 nm) bands. Hyperspectral imaging systems potentially represent a part of the next generation of advanced tactical surveillance systems. Hyperspectral sensing can support the sensing of very narrow spectral features for specific target discrimination tasks or to enable adaptive measurement depending on the application or mission of interest. At present, compact and efficient instruments can be built in the visible and IR spectral range. The implications for camouflage from hyperspectral sensor systems are reaching and, when such devices come to the battlefield, it will be necessary not only to match the background over the operating waveband of surveillance devices, but also to closely match the spectral distribution. The fusion of information from two or more hyperspectral bands will further enhance target discrimination. Hyperspectral sensors will probably be the most challenging threat to counter for the camouflage community.


The objective for this WS is to investigate and examine the impact of: - Interactions between robotic decoy technical characteristics and potential tactical or operational requirements, - Potential consequences of the use of robotic decoys on military operations and doctrine. - Possibilities of polarimetric and/or hyperspectral sensors and their technical characteristics against modern decoys.


The workshop covers modern and new military CC&D technologies against modern sensors focusing on robotics platforms using new multispectral decoys of important military combat vehicles, especially: • Advanced (robotic) multi-spectral deception solutions for land platforms, • Robotic decoys technical requirements and specifications, • Technical and tactical or operational aspects (defensive and offensive roles) of multi-spectral decoys, • Proposals of possible equipment and TTPs, • Autonomy decoys as an intelligent category, • Determination of the autonomy level, • Scenarios for using possible robotic or semi-robotic or non-robotic decoys, • Roles of polarimetric and hyperspectral sensors against decoys.

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