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Activity title

Military Applications of Internet of Things

Activity Reference

IST-147 (COM)

Panel

Information Systems Technology

Security Classification

NATO UNCLASSIFIED

Status

Active

Activity type

RTG

Start date

2016

End date

2019

Keywords

Integration of Heterogeneous Networks, Internet of Things, Machine-to-Machine Communications, Object Level Protection, Security in IoT, Situational Awareness, Trust Management

Background

Potential areas of military application of the IoT include: 1. Logistics - command and control of combined operations logistics support; 2. Situational Awareness – building on the tactical level of a battlefield (from global, to company, platoon and squad commanders down to single soldiers level) including monitoring, sensing, threat identification (e.g. sniper), target positioning, marking, vehicles and soldiers status monitoring, environmental monitoring (environment conditions); and 3. Medical Care - battlefield health monitoring, patients monitoring, etc. This work builds on recommendations from two previous exploratory team activities: 1. IST-ET-076, ‘Internet of Military Things,’ examined a range of topics relevant to the application of IoT technologies and concepts to the military domain. The ET identified vital areas of further research to be addressed in subsequent research group(s): (1) Military application areas and requirements of the IoT; (2) Security, identity and trust management in the Military IoT domain; (3) Service architecture for the military IoT, and (4) Integration into the military communications architecture. 2. IST-ET-075, ‘Integration of Sensors and Communication Networks,’ was to address a number of the communications and networking issues. The current study proposes to merge the activities of the two different groups and address a number of the critical issues identified.

Objectives

1. To demonstrate through proof of concept trials the value of application of the Internet of Things (IoT) in militarily significant situations. 2. To define an IoT architecture or architectures that might be used in military situations taking into account existing IoT architectures used in other domains. 3. To identify the risks associated with the use of commercial IoT technology in the military domain, and identify possible mitigations or open challenges. 4. To create a network on the topic of military aspects of IoT, including activities of other STO panels studying related topics, NATO bodies, academia, industries (including SMEs), and EU and nationally funded initiatives.

Topics

1. A scenario will be selected that will examine applicability of IoT to military topics, such as: • base operations, • situational awareness, • boundary surveillance including harbour, • energy management, and etc. 2. The risk of applying IoT technologies in the scenario will be assessed. Based on this risk assessment, models for security and trust management that address the most significant risks will be proposed. Mitigation measures may include: • Managing identity, credentials and rights of IoT devices and users; • Object level protection and trust; and • Assessment of available or emerging commercial security solutions. 3. Communications requirements needed to support IoT will be identified. Proposals for communications architectures, including consideration of: • Integration including machine-to-machine aspects, • robustness, and • scalability. 4. Technologies required to exploit IoT, such as data fusion, big data or other techniques will be considered as required to support the other topics

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