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Activity title

CDT on Augmented Reality (AR) to Enhance Situational Awareness for Armoured Fighting Vehicle Crew

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Applied Vehicle Technology

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Armour Fighting vehicles, Augmented Reality, Situational Awareness


In October 2015 a Research Specialists’ Meeting on AR (RSM-040) was held in Prague, Czech Republic, under the auspices of AVT-256, with the following aims: ? to present current state-of-the-art in AR technologies ? to identify military applications driving their development ? to highlight remaining technological and HMI challenges The RSM revealed research and technology strands that will contribute most to closing potential capability gaps and recommended the establishing a research group focused on the development of a NATO standardized set of symbology for AFV crew Augmented Reality. Following work by an exploratory team, AVT ET-169, a Research Task Group (RTG290) was established to run from January 2018 to December 2020. The purpose of the RTG is to explore the standards that must be in place to ensure a coherent implementation of AR technology into the combat environment with a focus on land platforms and their interaction with mounted and dismounted personnel. The work covers: ? Definitions – Define AR, Situational Awareness (SA), AR for SA; ? Use Cases – Define use cases, write scenarios and hence develop user requirements; ? Benefits - Investigate operational benefits and possible drawbacks of implementing AR for SA; ? Technical Specifications - Determine requirements for relevant AR applications (e.g. navigation accuracy, location accuracy, latency thresholds, update rates, information density); ? User Interfaces - Develop/adapt and test AR user interfaces (e.g. functionality, information requirements, presentation and customisation); ? Symbology - Develop and test AR symbology (e.g. type/shape, size, transparency, colour and symbol overlap); ? Architectures - Examine the relation between a possible AR STANAG and the NGVA STANAG; ? Experimentation - Test solutions/proposals (e. g. by simulations) involving the user community. In order to exploit the output of AVT290 it has been proposed that a Cooperative Demonstration of Technology (CDT) event is held. A key aim of this CDT will be to engage with the user community across NATO to gain endorsement of the approach being taken, feedback on the draft symbology set and guidance on the way ahead.


The objective of this activity is to plan and delivery a Cooperative Demonstration of Technology to demonstrate to the user community the work carried out under AVT290 and the initial proposed symbology set in order to gain endorsement and direction for the way ahead. The CDT will be linked to the Land Capability Group Land Engagement (LCG/LE) as it represents the NATO mounted (Combat Vehicle) community and is the body that will own any future STANAG or other standardization agreements covering this topic. It is planned that the CDT will be immediately before a LCG/LE meeting in order to facilitate wide attendance by key users from across NATO nations. The CDT is likely to consist of: • Presentations of work carried out • Presentations of the initial symbology set • Poster displays covering supporting activities • Demonstrations exploiting VR technologies to show the symbology in a simulated real world environment • Collection of user feedback through discussion and structured questionnaires


This RTG will cover the planning, delivery and reporting of a Cooperative Demonstration of Technology of symbology solutions for enhancing situational awareness for AFV crews. The RTG will cover: 1. Event planning. This will cover identifying a suitable LCG/LE date and venue, liaison with the LCG/LE meeting hosts and the CSO for CDT administration, defining format of presentations and demonstrations, defining the agenda, developing publicity and invite material and agreeing responsibilities. 2. CDT material agreement and preparation. This is likely to include: a) Presentations on work carried out b) Poster displays covering use cases development, background human factor research, symbology sets and assessment activities c) VR based demonstrations of the symbology and use d) Displays enabling technologies 3. Preparation of structure questionnaires for gaining user feedback. 4. Delivery a CDT event 5. Analysis of feedback and recommendations of the way ahead.

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